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Center for Surgical Gastroenterology & Obesity Surgery

Laparoscopic Surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery, includes operations within the abdominal or pelvic cavities.

There are a number of advantages to the patient with laparoscopic surgery versus an open procedure. These include:-

  • Reduced blood loss, which reduces the risk of needing a blood transfusion.
  • Smaller incision, which reduces pain and shortens recovery time.
  • Less pain, leading to less pain medication needed.
  • Although procedure time is slightly longer, hospital stay is less, and often within a day patients are discharged
  • Reduced exposure of internal organs to possible external contaminants thereby reduced risk of acquiring infections.

Indications for Laprascopic Surgery:

The following are the indications of performing a laparoscopy which include, but not limited to

  • Cholecystectomy - the removal of an infected gallbladder is by far the standard and most common indication for laparoscopic surgery
  • As a diagnostic device- placed at the umbilicus, laprascopy would help reveal the abdominal contents and the current state of its diseases if any.
  • To visualize the surface of the small intestines, omentum, parts of the colon and stomach, liver, spleen, uterus, spart of the diaphragm, and the peritoneal surface.
  • Appendectomy
  • Intra-abdominal adhesions
  • Evidence of malignant tumours or carcinomas,
  • Ascites,
  • Ischemic bowel,
  • Hernias,
  • Cirrhosis,
  • Foreign bodies and bleeding

Contraindications for a laparoscopy:

  • Peritonitis or sepsis
  • Advanced abdominal wall malignancies
  • Chronic tuberculosis
  • Thrombocytopenia (low blood platelet count) or other bleeding problems,
  • Multiple surgical adhesions
  • Patients on blood thinning medication

There may be other risks depending on your specific medical condition. Be sure to discuss any concerns with your physician prior to the procedure.


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